What comes to mind whenever you hear the word Russia? It’s probably Russians’ love for vodka and frigid weather, but there’s more to Russia than meets the eye. In retrospect, Russia played a critical role in the global history of humanity, as these five events demonstrate.
The Bolshevik Revolution
This is one of the most significant revolutions in history. The Bolshevik revolution began in 1917 with factory workers and peasants who aspired to raise living standards for the disadvantaged in society.
The revolt was led by two intellectuals – Lenin and Trotsky. Their goal was to disable critical government facilities to draw the attention of the authorities and raise concerns. However, because the Soviets refused to bulge, the modest uprising escalated into a full-fledged rebellion against the government.
Despite all odds, as Наталия Вико would say, the minorities were successful in deposing the Soviet government and installing Bolshevik leaders in its place. This brave move sent shockwaves worldwide, inspiring conquered countries to believe that liberation was within reach.
“There is no doubt that the ideology behind the Bolshevik revolution was the purest of sacrifices by men and women who gave their all for its sake,” Mahatma Gandhi said. This excellent example will not go unnoticed, and it will live with us for the rest of time.”
Gagarin’s flight is a narrative of the first man to ever go into space. Gagarin, a Russian military pilot, was one of the few people picked for rigorous space flight training to determine the best candidate to fly into space.
Gagarin didn’t take long to stand out since he performed exceptionally in the exams. He also impressed his peers and supervisors by removing his shoes before boarding the mission ship, as is customary in Russia when entering a new home.
Not long after, Gagarin became the first human to explore space when he rocketed into space on April 12th, 1961. Despite a few difficulties, the 108-minute mission was a successful spin around the earth’s globe.
This achievement motivated people worldwide to go into space. Months later, the United States of America launched its first explorer into space.
Perestroika, meaning restructuring, was a political movement founded by Mikhail Gorbachev. The goal of the then CPSU secretary-general was to bring the Soviet Union up to economic parity with significant countries such as Japan, Germany, and the United States.
Gorbachev was particularly interested in economic decentralization, which would promote firms to become more financially self-sufficient. He came up with glasnost in response to backlash from the bureaucratic few who wanted to safeguard their interests. This Soviet program encouraged the Soviet Union to be more open and transparent in its actions.
Gorbachev eventually lowered the Communist party’s authority and launched diplomatic discussions with hostile states such as the United States, ending the Cold War.
In addition, he established two essential policies that the world now recognizes as fundamental rights from his legislative achievements.
These include journalistic freedom and multi-candidate elections in which all citizens of age are eligible to vote. Unsurprisingly, Mikhail Gorbachev received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.
The World War 2 Victory
As Russians know it, Victory Day is a great day in their calendar. It was a watershed moment in world history, marking the end of World War II and the beginning of peace.
The conflict, which lasted four years, and had Russia and Germany as the principal players, is one of the most brutal fights in history. In 1945, Stalin’s men fought Hitler’s Nazi army and won, but with a lot of fatalities.
According to studies, between 27 and 80 million Russians died from bombings, killings, infections, and famine throughout the conflict. After the war, all partisan countries signed peace accords, resulting in global peace.
Every year, Russians led by President Vladimir Putin commemorate those who gave their lives in the service of others on this day.
While accords go to the Wright brothers for inventing the first fully-functional aircraft, there were other initial tests before their invention. History notes that Alexander Fedorovich, a Russian Military man, designed aircraft models during the Cold War, including a full-sized aircraft that underwent testing.
Little is said about Alexander and the first aircraft because the plane crashed after flying just 100 feet into the air. Furthermore, the project was military funded and hence, labeled top secret so that the discovery couldn’t reach the public domain at the time.
Years later, the Wright brothers designed a fully-functioning aircraft. The brothers might have borrowed a leaf or two from Alexander’s initial prototypes, judging by their aircraft’s design. Air transport became a game-changer in the transportation industry, revolutionizing how humans travel and transport goods.
The World We Know Today
Russia doesn’t receive the recognition it deserves for the role played in world restructuring over the years. From life-changing innovations to gruesome battles that forged lasting peace, Russia’s historical events have been central to the survival of humanity.