The authors of this article focused on the following three frames: Authority is Constructed and Contextual, Scholarship as Conversations, and Information Creation as a Process.

The text goes into further detail on the construction of false authority in moral panics, especially in the first example regarding selfie addiction. The doctor mentioned, Dr. David Veale, was alone in his assertion that an addiction to selfies was considered a mental illness. Without this context, the simple title of “Doctor” may convince readers that the information in the article is to be accepted as scientific fact. It is also important to research full quotes, which, when paraphrased, can lend credence to claims they oppose.

Additionally, the existence of a moral panic, like in the second example, can create false authority through confirmation bias. When people are frightened of something for what they think is a genuine reason, they will do what is needed to confirm their beliefs. Given that moral panics generally take place on a societal scale, consensus often gives credibility to entities that are undeserving of it. The results of the study on the correlation between screen time and social aptitude are an instance of this.

The presenting authority of a claim or study should always be researched in depth and understood in context.